Sustainable Electrochemical Reduction of contaminants of emerging concern and Pathogens in WWTP effluent for Irrigation of Crops

SERPIC will develop an integral technology, based on a multi-barrier approach, to treat the effluents of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to maximise the reduction of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs).

A membrane nanofiltration (NF) technology will be applied to reduce CECs in its permeate stream by at least 90 % while retaining the nutrients. A residual disinfection using chlorine dioxide produced electrochemically will be added to the stream used for crops irrigation (Route A). The CECs in the polluted concentrate (retentate) stream will be reduced by at least 80 % by light driven electro-chemical oxidation. When discharged into the aquatic system (route B), it will contribute to the quality improvement of the surface water body.

A prototype treatment plant will be set-up and evaluated for irrigation in long-term tests with the help of agricultural test pots. A review investigation of CECs spread will be performed at four regional showcases in Europe and Africa. It will include a detailed assessment of the individual situation and surrounding condition. Transfer concepts will be developed to transfer the results of the treatment technology to other regions, especially in low- and middle-income countries.



Irrigation, Reclamation, WWTP effluent, Electrochemical technologies, Renewable energy


Project Website



Project Coordinator:
Dr. Lothar Schäfer,
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Germany


Partner Institutions:
University of Ferrara - Italy

SolarSpring GmbH - Germany

University of Castilla La Mancha - Spain

Faculty of Engineering University of Porto - Portugal

Águas de Portugal (AdP) - Portugal

Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) - Norway

Stellenbosch University - South Africa

Project Website